Ralph A. Rossum
Salvatori Professor of American Constitutionalism
Director, Rose Institute of State and Local Government
Married to Constance Rossum, three children
(909) 625-3802 (phone)
Department of Government
(909) 607-3392 (phone)
(909) 621-8416 (fax)
B.A. (Summa Cum Laude), 1968,
Areas of Academic Specialization:
The American Founding
Criminal Justice and Procedure
The Constitution and Native American Tribes
Visiting Scholar, The
Loyola University of Chicago, Associate Dean of the Graduate School, 1981‑1983; Associate Professor, Department of Political Science, 1980‑1983. Tenure granted, 1982.
Director, Rose Institute of State and Local Government, Claremont McKenna College, 2000-present.
The Rose Institute of State and Local Government is one of largest and most publicly-visible research institutes at
Director, Judicial Seminar on the Constitution, Liberty Fund Inc.,
Co-directed from 1988 and directed from 1993 an annual week-long seminar for federal judges on the drafting and ratification of the Constitution and the Bill of Rights. Responsibilities included recruitment and selection of approximately 15 federal appellate and district court judges for each seminar; selection of discussion leaders (nationally-prominent law professors, historians, and political scientists), readings, and seminar location; overall planning; budget management; coordination of all travel and conference accommodations; chairing all seminar sessions; and program evaluation.
The President is the chief executive officer of the College, exercising executive and administrative direction in the planning, implementation, coordination, and surveillance of all College financial, educational, and operational programs and ensuring adherence to College policies, procedures, and directives.
Vice President and Dean of the Faculty,
The Dean of the Faculty is the chief academic officer of the college and presides in the president's absence. Responsibilities include clarification of the academic mission of the college; new program and curriculum development; program evaluation; administration of the college's appointment, promotion, and tenure process; supervision of the college's study abroad and other off‑campus programs; faculty evaluation and development; supervision of the college's institutional research, registration, and record‑keeping operations; and administrative and budgetary supervision of academic computing and all academic departments. A member of the College's Development Strategy Group, the Dean plays a key role, along with the President, Director of Development, and selected Trustees, in identifying and developing foundation, corporate, and private contacts, connecting donor interests to institutional needs, drafting proposals (especially in the academic area), meeting with present and prospective donors, and assuring that gifts and endowment funds are used in conformity with donor intentions.
Seminar Director, “On the Continued Relevance of the Constitution,”
Conducted a three‑week seminar for 15 federal judges and law professors on the Founding of the Constitution of the
Project Director, “Juvenile Justice Reform,” Rose Institute for State and Local Government,
“Juvenile Justice Reform” was a million dollar, two‑year research and legislative training program funded by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) of the U. S. Department of Justice. Its objectives included the drafting of a model juvenile justice code and the provision of legislative training through a national conference, major workshops, and intensive liaison/training sessions in selected states. Responsibilities as Project Director included overall supervision of all major activities of the project and of the nine professionals assigned to it; service as chairman of the project's national conference and major workshops and of the meetings of the project's advisory board; and contributions to the project's final research products.
Deputy Director, Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS),
BJS is the national repository for statistical information dealing with crime and the response to crime by criminal justice systems at all levels of government. Responsibilities as Deputy Director (a position equal in rank to Deputy Assistant Attorney General) included coordination, review, and approval of all BJS's publications, including monthly Bulletins, Special Reports, and all major annual publications; coordination, review, and approval of the publication of The Report to the Nation on Crime and Justice: The Data; administration of BJS's research solicitation program; oversight of the National Crime Survey Redesign effort; and provision of leadership and expertise in the development, management, implementation, and evaluation of all BJS programs.
Responsibilities included new program and curriculum development; program evaluation; budgetary management and general administration of the Graduate School office; service on the Ph.D. Council, the MA/MS Council, and the Graduate Studies Coordinating Board; and administrative and budgetary supervision of Loyola's graduate level interdisciplinary institutes and programs, including the Institute of Industrial Relations, the Institute of Pastoral Studies, the Parmly Hearing Institute, the Doyle Counseling Center and Day School, and the Graduate Program in Oral Biology (School of Dentistry), Urban Studies, and Community and Organizational Development.
Consulting Editor, Perspectives on Political Science, 1983-present.
Consulting Editor, Current, 1990-present.
Member, Editorial Board, Citizens and Statesmen, 2005-present
Member, Editorial Advisory Board, The Public Interest Law Review, 1988-1995
Research Editor, Benchmark, 1986‑1992. Senior Editor, 1983-1986.
Review Panelist, National Endowment for the Humanities, 1984-present.
Review Panelist, National Institute of Justice, 1985-present.
Review Panelist, Commission on the Bicentennial of the
Manuscript Reviewer, St. Martin's Press, Prentice-Hall,
Editorial Board, Marcel Dekker, Inc., 1976-1981.
Editor, Public Affairs Forum, 1974-1977.
Member, Council of Scholars, American Academy of Liberal Education, 1994-present, Chairman, 1997-present.
Member, Board of Trustees, American Academy of Liberal Education, 1997-present.
Member, National Board of the Fund for the Improvement of Post-Secondary Education (FIPSE),
Member, Board of Advisors, American Friends Fund,
Member, Legal Policy Advisory Board,
Member of the Council, Californians in Congress Recognition Program, 1988-1993.
Member, National Institute of Corrections Advisory
Member, Robert Presley Institute of Corrections Research and Training, State of California, 1988-1990.
Member, Board of Trustees, The Episcopal Theological
Phi Beta Kappa.
Who's Who in
Who’s Who in the World, 2007-present
Four-year Ford Foundation Doctoral Fellowship, 1968-1972.
Tozer Foundation Fellowship, 1968.
Pi Gamma Mu Fellowship, 1968.
Available on request.
Antonin Scalia’s Jurisprudence: Text and Tradition.
Federalism, the Supreme Court, and the Seventeenth Amendment: The Irony of Constitutional Democracy.
American Constitutional Law. Vol. I: The Structure of Government.
American Constitutional Law. Vol. II: The Bill of Rights and Subsequent Amendments.
American Constitutional Law: Cases and Interpretation.
The American Founding: Politics, Statesmanship, and the Constitution.
Reverse Discrimination: The Constitutional Debate.
The Politics of the Criminal Justice System: An Organizational Analysis.
Police, Criminal Justice, and the Community.
Urban Administration: Management, Politics and Change.
Monographs, Articles, and Chapters in Books:
“‘Common-Sense Constitutionalism’: Why Constitutional Structure Matters for Justice Scalia,” in Bradley Watson (ed.), Ourselves and Our Posterity: Essays in Constitutional Originalism.
“Seventeenth Amendment,” and “Dual Federalism,” in David Tanenhaus (ed.), Encyclopedia of the Supreme Court of the
“James McClellan, Benchmark, and the Informed Public,” Political Science Reviewer, forthcoming.
“Taking the Constitution Seriously: Akhil Reed Amar’s Biography of America’s Framing Document,” Syracuse Law Review, Vol. 57, No. 2 (2007).
“A Short History of a Big Mistake,” The American Interest, Vol. I, No. 4 (Summer 2006).
“Antonin Scalia,” in Melvin I. Urofsky (ed.), A Biographical Encyclopedia of the Supreme Court: The Lives and Legal Philosophies of the Justices.
“Entrapment,” “Just Compensation,” and “Public Use,” in Otis H. Stephens, John Scheb, and (eds.), Encyclopedia of American Civil Liberties and Rights.
“Article I, Section 3,” “Article V,” and “Seventeenth Amendment,” in Edwin Meese, Matthew Spalding, and David Forte (eds.), The Heritage Guide to the
“Text and Tradition: The Originalist Jurisprudence of Antonin Scalia,” in Earl Maltz (ed.), Rehnquist Justice.
“The Textualist Jurisprudence of Antonin Scalia,” in Byran-Paul Frost and Jeffrey Sikkenga (eds.), History of American Political Thought.
“Federalism, Constitutional Structure, and the Securing of
“Herbert J. Storing’s Constitutionalism,” Political Science Reviewer, Vol. 30 (2000).
How Peter F. Drucker’s ‘Five Most Important Questions’ Can Help Improve Faculty Governance,” The Department Chair (Summer 2000). Co-author.
“The Irony of Constitutional Democracy: Federalism, the Supreme Court, and the Seventeenth Amendment,” San Diego Law Review, Vol. 36, No. 3 (August-September 1999).
“Scalia’s Textualist Jurisprudence,” Perspectives on Politics, Vol. 28, no. 1 (Winter 1999).
Symposium Editor, “Justice Scalia and A Matter of Interpretation,” Perspectives on Politics, Vol. 28, no. 1 (Winter 1999).
“The Supreme Court: Republican Schoolmaster,” in John A. Murley and Kenneth Deutsch (eds.), The Influence of Leo Strauss on the Study of the American Regime: An Enduring and Contested Legacy.
“The Twenty-Sixth Amendment,” in Roger Newman (ed.), The Constitution and Its Amendments.
“Juvenile Justice Professionals: Opponents of Reform,” in Gary L. McDowell and Jinney S. Smith (eds.), Juvenile Delinquency in the
“Applying the Voting Rights Act to Judicial Elections: The Supreme Court’s Misconstruction of Section 2 and Misconception of the Judicial Role,” in Anthony A. Peacock (ed.), Affirmative Action and Representation: Shaw v.
“Reforming Juvenile Justice and Improving Juvenile Character: The Case for the Justice Model,” Pepperdine Law Review, Vol. 23, No. 3 (1996).
“Holding Juveniles Accountable: Reforming
“The Supreme Court and the 1992 Election: The Dog that Did Not Bark,” in Roger M. Barrus and John H. Eastby (eds.),
“The Least Dangerous Branch?” in Peter Augustine Lawler and Robert Martin Schaefer (eds.), The American Experiment: Essays on the Theory and Practice of
“Constituting and Preserving the Republic,” in Eugene W. Hickok, Gary L. McDowell, and Philip J. Costopoulos (eds.), Our Peculiar Security: The Written Constitution and Limited Government.
An Atlas of
Statistical Profile of
“Civic Virtue and Republican Government: The Prudence of James Wilson's Constitutional Theory,” in John A. Murley, William T. Braithwaite, and Robert L. Stone (eds.), Law and Philosophy: The Practice of Theory.
“James Wilson,” Leonard W. Levy and Louis Fisher (eds.), Encyclopedia of the American Presidency.
“Prisoners’ Rights,” Leonard W. Levy. Kenneth L. Karst, and John G. West, Jr. (eds.), Encyclopedia of the American Constitution, Supplement No. 1,
“Self-Incrimination: The Original Intent,” in Eugene W. Hickok (ed.), The Bill of Rights: Original Meaning and Current Understanding.
“Power and Republicanism: The Creation of the Presidency,” in Restoring the Presidency: Reconsidering the Twenty‑Second Amendment.
“Historical Trends, Legislative Developments, and Professional Attitudes: Implications for Legislative Reform of Juvenile Justice,” New Designs for Youth Development, Vol. 9, No. 1-3 (1989).
Congressional Control of the Judiciary: The Article III Option.
Juvenile Justice Reform: A Model for the States.
“The Courts and the Judicial Power,” in Leonard W. Levy and Dennis J. Mahoney (eds.), The Framing and Ratification of the Constitution.
“The Federalist’s Understanding of the Constitution as a Bill of Rights,” in Charles R. Kesler (ed.), Saving the Revolution: The Federalist Papers and the American Founding.
“To Render These Rights Secure: James Madison’s Understanding of the Relationship of the Constitution to the Bill of Rights,” Benchmark, Vol. III, Nos. 1 and 2 (1987).
“Separation of Powers and the Legislative Power,” (Symposium issue on the American Founding) Teaching Political Science, Vol. 14, No. 1 (Fall 1986).
“Naturalization,” “Denaturalization,” “Expatriation,” “Deportation,” and “James Wilson and the American Constitution,” Leonard W. Levy, Kenneth L. Karst, and Dennis J. Mahoney (eds.), Encyclopedia of the American Constitution.
“A Means-Ends Approach to the Study of the Constitution and Constitutional Law,” Teaching Political Science, Vol. 13, No. 1 (Fall 1985).
“Plessy, Brown, and the Reverse Discrimination Cases: Consistency and Continuity in Judicial Approach,” American Behavioral Scientist, Vol. 28, No. 6 (July-August 1985).
“The Problem of Prison Crowding: On the Limits of Prison Capacity and Judicial Capacity,” Benchmark, Vol. I, No. 6 (November-December 1984).
“Government and Ethics: The Constitutional Foundation,” in Alan Heslop (ed.), Government and Ethics (
“Congress, the Constitution and the Appellate Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court: The Letter and Spirit of the Exceptions Clause,” William and Mary Law Review, Vol. 24, No. 3 (April 1983). Reprinted in Congressional Record, September 10, 1985.
“ABSCAM: On the Nature of Separation of Powers and Entrapment,” in Walter P. Krolikowski, ed., Faith and Justice.
“Weber and the Limits of Judicial Policy-Making,” Law and Policy Quarterly, Vol. IV, No. 1 (January 1982).
“The Supreme Court as Republican Schoolmaster: Freedom of Speech, Political Equality, and the Teaching of Political Responsibility,” in Gary McDowell, ed., Taking the Constitution Seriously: Essays on the Constitution and Constitutional Law.
“The Courts and the Delivery of Urban Services. The Rise and Fall of Equalization Litigation.” The Urban Interest, Vol. 2, No. 1 (1980). Reprinted in Current Municipal Problems, Vol. 7, No. 1 (1980).
“The Entrapment Defense and the Teaching of Political Responsibility: The Supreme Court as Republican Schoolmaster,” American Journal of Criminal Law, Vol. 6, No. 3 (November 1978). Reprinted in Paul L. Murphy, ed., The Bill of Rights and American Legal History: Criminal Procedure.
“Representation and Republican Government: Contemporary Court Variations on the Founders' Theme,” American Journal of Jurisprudence, Vol. 23 (1978). Reprinted in Gary McDowell, ed., Taking the Constitution Seriously: Essays on the Constitution and Constitutional Law.
“The Entrapment Defense and the Supreme Court: On Defining the Limits of Political Responsibility,”
“The Foundations of the
“Ameliorative Racial Preference and the Fourteenth Amendment: Some Constitutional Problems,” Journal of Politics, Vol. 38, No. 2 (May 1976).
“James Wilson and the ‘Pyramid of Government,’” Political Science Reviewer, Vol. VI (1976).
“Compliance Theory and the Criminal Process: Towards an Understanding of Interface Problems in the Criminal Justice System,”
“New Rights and Old Wrongs: The Supreme Court and the Problem of Retroactivity,” Emory Law Journal, Vol. 23, No. 2 (Spring 1974).
“Problems in Municipal Court Administration and the Stress of Supreme Court Decisions: A
“Theodore R. Marmor and The Politics of Medicare,” American Politics Quarterly, Vol. 2, No. 3 (July 1974).
“Judicial Administration in
Research in Progress:
American Constitutional Law. Vol. I: The Structure of Government.
American Constitutional Law. Vol. II: The Bill of Rights and Subsequent Amendments.
The Supreme Court and Tribal Gaming:
Book-length manuscript on the jurisprudence of Justice Clarence Thomas.
Papers presented at the annual meetings of the American Political Science Association, the Communitarian Summit, the Southwestern Political Science Association, the Western Political Science Association, and the American Statistical Association.
Book reviews in the American Political Science Review, the Journal of Politics, Publius, Benchmark, Constitutional Commentary, Perspectives on Politics, The